Indian Fabrics

Resplendent, intricate, and varied, India’s textile tradition is a kaleidoscope of colors and cultures. India’s rich textile tradition goes back more than 3,000 years. Each of India’s 28 states—and many of the villages within those states—has its own distinct designs, its own textile language.

Since ancient times, textiles have been associated with important rituals and social occasions in India. Sacred sculptures are traditionally clothed, and strips of cloth are hung on trees and poles as offerings around Hindu shrines. Cloth is given when a baby is born and when a man reaches 60 and renews his marriage vows with his wife. Textiles became political when Gandhi’s call for hand-spun Indian cloth—and thus less reliance on British goods—turned into the rallying cry for independence in the 1940’s.

In fact, India’s history is so interwoven with textiles that it is hard to separate the two. Cotton and silk are indigenous, and when weavers discovered how to make colorfast dyes, Indian fabrics were the envy of the world. One of Alexander the Great’s commanders, upon arrival in the subcontinent, marveled that Indian cloth "rivaled sunlight and resisted washing." The closely guarded secret of the dyes led the British to establish trading posts in Gujarat in 1613 and Madras (now Chennai) on the southeast coast in 1640. The Dutch and the French followed with their own ports nearby. Gujarat and the southeastern provinces of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh remain important textile centers to this day.

Gujarat’s arid climate and susceptibility to droughts and floods have always made agriculture here uncertain. During the summer monsoons, when the grasslands north of Bhuj become an inland sea and farming has to be abandoned, embroidery and beadwork flourish as means of making a living. Northern Gujarat, western Rajasthan, and neighboring Sind in Pakistan remain three of the world’s richest areas for folk embroidery. Bhuj and the old port city of Mandvi in Gujarat are also centers for bandhani, or tie-dye work. Bandhani shawls are part of the common dress of western Indian women.

Bedding Size Chart Page
Bed Size Mattress Size Bedspread Size Comforter Size Blanket Size
Twin 39" x75" 80" x 110" 68" x 86" 66" x 90"
Twin XL 39" x 80" N/A use Twin 68" x 90" N/A use Twin
Full or Double 54" x 75" 96" x 110" 78" x 86" to 86" x 86" 80" x 90"
Queen 60" x 80" 102" x 116" 86" x 86" to 86" x 94" 90" x 90"
California King or King 72" x 84" 114" x 120" 102" x 86" to 102" x 94" 108" x 90"
Daybed or Trundle 39" x 75" 84" x 117" 66" x 92" 66" x 90"
Note: Standard Mattress Thickness Approximately 7".
Comforter and Bedspread sizes may vary slightly by manufacturers.
This Size Chart reflects the most common sizes.